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The Department of Education`s Office of Civil Rights (OCR) provides oversight and enforcement of civil rights laws that protect against discrimination in education. This includes investigating complaints of discrimination and providing guidance to schools and universities on how to comply with federal civil rights laws.

One important tool that the OCR uses to ensure compliance with civil rights laws is resolution agreements. These are agreements between schools or universities and the OCR that require the institution to take specific actions to address and prevent discrimination.

Resolution agreements can be reached as a result of an OCR investigation or as a voluntary agreement between the institution and the OCR. They typically include a timeline for implementation, regular reporting requirements, and monitoring by the OCR to ensure compliance.

Examples of resolution agreement requirements may include:

– Providing training to staff and students on how to identify and prevent discrimination

– Developing and implementing policies and procedures to address discrimination complaints

– Creating a system for tracking and reporting discrimination complaints

– Conducting regular climate surveys to assess the school or university`s progress in creating an inclusive and non-discriminatory environment

Resolution agreements can have significant impacts on the institutions involved. In some cases, they may result in changes to institutional policies and practices, the hiring of additional staff, or the implementation of new programming.

However, resolution agreements are also an important tool for ensuring that all students have equal access to education and are not discriminated against based on their race, gender, disability status, or other protected characteristic. By holding institutions accountable for their obligations under federal civil rights laws, the OCR helps to promote a more inclusive and equitable education system for all.